select publications

Below are select publications from the lab, with links to PDFs. If you are looking for the PDF of an article not listed here, feel free to contact us!

Heberling JM, McDonough MacKenzie C, Fridley JD, Kalisz S, Primack RB. 2019. Phenological mismatch with trees reduces wildflower carbon budgets. Ecology Letters doi: 10.1111/ele.13224.

McDonough MacKenzie C, Mittelhauser G, Primack RB, Miller-Rushing AJ. 2019. Trails as transects: phenology monitoring across heterogeneous microclimates in Acadia National Park, Maine. Ecosphere doi/10.1002/ecs2.2626.

Gallinat AS, Primack RB, et al. 2018. Patterns and predictors of fleshy fruit phenology at five international botanical gardens. American Journal of Botany 105: 1824-1834.

Zipf L, Primack RB. 2017. Humidity does not appear to trigger leaf out in woody plants. International Journal of Biometeorology, 61(12): 2213-2216. PDF

Stegman, L, Primack RB, Gallinat AS, Lloyd-Evans TL, Ellwood ER. 2017. Reduced sampling frequency can still detect changes in abundance and phenology of migratory landbirds. Biological Conservation, 210: 107-115. PDF

Willis CG, Ellwood ER, Primack RB, Davis CC, Pearson KD, Gallinat AS, Yost JM, Nelson G, Mazer SJ, Rossington NL, Sparks TH, Soltis PS. 2017. Old plants, new tricks: phenological research using herbarium specimens. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 32: 531-546. PDF

Primack RB, Gallinat AS. 2017. Insights into grass phenology from herbarium specimens. New Phytologist, 213: 1567-1568. PDF

Primack, RB and AS Gallinat. 2016. Spring budburst in a changing climate. American Scientist 104: 102-109. PDF

Zipf L, Williams E, Primack RB and Stichter S. 2017. Climate effects on late-season flight times of Massachusetts butterflies. International Journal of Biometeorology, 61(9): 1667–1673. doi: 10.1007/s00484-017-1347-8

Primack RB, Laube J, Gallinat A, Menzel A. 2015. From observations to experiments in phenology research: investigating climate change impacts on trees and shrubs using dormant twigs. Annals of Botany doi: 10.1093/aob/mcv032. PDF

Panchen, Z., R.B. Primack, A. Gallinat, B. Nordt, R. Fahey, A.D Stevens, and Y. Du. 2015. Substantial variation in leaf senescence times among 1360 temperate woody plant species: Implications for phenology and ecosystem processes. Annals of Botany. doi: 10.1093/aob/mcv015. PDF

Ellwood, E. R., T. Lloyd-Evans, A. Gallinat, and R.B. Primack. 2015. Autumn migration of North American landbirds. Pp. 193–205 in E. M. Wood and J. L. Kellermann (editors), Phenological synchrony and bird migration: changing climate and seasonal resources in North America. Studies in Avian Biology (no. 47), CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. PDF

Gallinat A, Primack, R.B., and Wagner DL. 2015. Autumn, the neglected season in climate change research. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. PDF

Everill, P. H., R.B. Primack, E.E. Ellwood, and E.K. Melaas. 2014. Determining past leaf-out times of New England’s deciduous forests from herbarium specimens. American Journal of Botany 101: 1-8. PDF

Panchen, Z.A., R.B. Primack, . B. Nordt, E.R. Ellwood, A.D. Stevens, S.S. Renner, C.G. Willis, R. Fahey, A. Whittemore, Yanjun Du, C.C. Davis. 2014. Leaf out times of temperate woody plants are related to phylogeny, deciduousness, growth habit, and wood anatomy. New Phytologist 203: 1208-1219. PDF

Ellwood, E.R., S.A. Temple, R.B. Primack, N.L. Bradley, and C.C. Davis. 2013. Recordbreaking early flowering in the eastern United States. PLoS One 8(1): e53788. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0053788. PDF

Polgar, C., A. Gallinat, and R. B. Primack. 2013. Drivers of leaf-out phenology and their implications for species invasions: insights from Thoreau’s Concord. New Phytologist. doi: 10.1111/nph.12647. PDF

Polgar, C.A, R.B Primack, E. Williams, S. Stichter, and C. Hitchcock. 2013. The effect of temperature on the timing of the adult flight period of Lycenid butterflies in Massachusetts. Biological Conservation 160: 25-31. PDF

Campos-Arceiz, A., L.P. Koh, R.B. Primack. 2013. Are conservation biologists working too hard? Biological Conservation 166:186-190. PDF

Ellwood,, E. R. J. M. Diez, I. Ibáñez, R. B. Primack, H. Kobori, H. Higuchi, J. A. Silander. 2012. Disentangling the paradox of insect phenology: are temporal trends reflecting the response to warming? Oecologia 168:1161-1171. PDF

Miller-Rushing, A.J., R.B. Primack, and R. Bonney.. 2012. The history of public participation in ecological research. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10:285-290. PDF

Miller-Rushing, A.J., R.B. Primack, N. Phillips, and R. Kaufmann. 2012. Effects of warming temperatures on winning times in the Boston Marathon. PLoS ONE 7(9): e43579. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0043579. PDF

Panchen, Z., R. B. Primack; T. Aniśko, R. E. Lyons. 2012. Herbarium specimens, photographs and field observations show Philadelphia area plants are responding to climate change. American Journal of Botany 99: 751-756. PDF

Primack, R.B. and A. J. Miller-Rushing. 2012. Uncovering, collecting and analyzing records to investigate the ecological impacts of climate change: A template from Thoreau's Concord. BioScience 62: 170-180. PDF

Polgar, C. and R.B. Primack. 2011. Leaf-out phenology of temperate woody plants: From trees to ecosystems. New Phytologist. 191: 926-941. Invited Tansley Review. PDF

Ellwood, E.R. , R. B. Primack, and M. Talmadge. 2010. Effects of climate change on spring bird arrival times in Thoreau’s Concord from 1851 to 2007. Condor 112: 754-762. PDF

Ibanez, I., R. B. Primack, A.J. Miller-Rushing, E. Ellwood, and 5 others. 2010. Forecasting phenology under global warming. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 365: 3247-3260. PDF

Willis, C.G., B.R. Ruhfel, R. B. Primack, A.J. Miller-Rushing, J.B. Losos, and C.C. Davis. 2010. Favorable climate change response explains non-native species' success in Thoreau’s woods. PLoS ONE 5(1): e8878. PDF

Primack, R. B., H. Higuchi, A. J. Miller-Rushing. 2009. The impact of climate change on cherry trees and other species in Japan. Biological Conservation 142: 1943-1949. PDF

Willis, C. G., B. Ruhfel, R. B. Primack, A. J. Miller-Rushing, and C. C. Davis. 2008. Phylogenetic patterns of species loss in Thoreau's woods are driven by climate change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences U.S.A. 105: 17029–17033. PDF

Miller-Rushing, A. J., T. L. Lloyd-Evans, R. B. Primack, and P. Satzinger. 2008. Bird migration times, climate change, and declining population sizes. Global Change Biology 14: 1–14. PDF

Miller-Rushing, A. J., D. Inouye, and R. B. Primack. 2008. How well do first flowering dates measure plant responses to climate change? The effects of population size and sampling frequency. Journal of Ecology 96: 1289–1296. PDF

Miller-Rushing, A. J. and R. B. Primack. 2008. Global warming and flowering times in Thoreau’s Concord: a community perspective. Ecology 89: 332–341. PDF